Romania is a country in the Southeast of Europe. It borders Ukraine and Moldova to the northeast and east, Hungary and Serbia to the west and Bulgaria to the south. It is the eighth largest country of the European Union, while its capital, Bucharest, is the tenth largest city of the EU. Romania has an estimated population 19,000,000 people, while Bucharest 's population is estimated at 1,700,000 people. The official language of the country is Romanian. There is no official religion, although the vast majority of its population identify themselves as Orthodox Christians. Religious minorities include Catholics and Protestants. The population consists mainly of Romanians (88%). Additionally, there is a Hungarian minority (6%), and a Roma minority (3%).
Romania boasts significant paleontological findings, among which what could well be the oldest relics of modern man in Europe. In more recent times, the vicinity of Romania was reigned by two disparate Principalities, Moldavia and Wallachia, which were to unite in 1859 under Alexander Ioan Cuza, former Princeps (prince) of this union. These two Principalities played a pivotal role in the events that transpired during WWI and the economic development of the region. During the WWII, Romania supported the Axis. However, by 1944, after the fall of the military regime of General Antonescu, Romania forthrightly joined the Allies. With the eventuation of the war, and until 1989, state affairs brought Romania under Communist intendance. But a few decades ago, it declared itself a free Democracy, thereafter enabling it to enter the global economy steadfast.
Due to its eventful history, Romania has numerous significant sights, abounding in war monuments, sculptures and religious edifices, be they remnants of the distant past or present day structures. Many of its cities, first and foremost Iasi and Constanta, are well worth visiting. After the fall of Communism, Romania has swiftly became modernized coping with European standards enjoyed in other EU member states. The cost of living in Romania is notably cheap, making study at its famous Universities most appealing to students from all over Europe and the world. Indeed, today there are thousands of international students visiting Romania in order to pursue their studies, aptly granting Romanian Universities a well-deserved position among the best of Europe.